NCO Consult is able to help you assess your current regulatory situation and can assist in acquiring the necessary approvals and/or certifications.

Whether it is an operations manual for NCC or SPO or an EASA special approval such as RVSM or P-RNAV, we are there to help.

On our main Services page we already mentioned European Commission regulation 965/2012. On this page we will try and give you some more insight in this regulation without having to read the whole thing.

Regulations structure

The basic regulation when it was first published in 2012 was called 965/2012. A total of 10 amendments to this regulation were issued with Commission Regulation 2017/363 being the latest. This way of amending regulations does not make things easier. However, on the EASA website a consolidated version of the basic regulation can be found, which includes all the amendments. Should you be interested in it, you can find it here.


The 965/2012 regulation is set-up with a basic regulation and many annexes. The basic regulation is (obviously) very basic and it gets interesting when you come at the annexes.

For a general understanding of the regulation, please see the contents list below:


Basic articles

They give a general introduction to the regulations and they detail the scope and general requirements.

Annex I - Terms and Definitions

Annex II - Part-ARO Authority Requirements for Air Operations. 

This Annex lays down the requirements for national CAA's so for an operator it is of little interest.

Annex III - Part-ORO Organisation Requirements for Air Operations.

This section applies to NCC, SPO and CAT operators and lays down the general requirements with regards to manuals, crew and flight and duty time limitations.

Annex IV - Part-CAT Commercial Air Transport Operations

In addition to the requirements in Part-ORO, this section lists the specific requirements for commercial operators. It is a replacement for EU-OPS.

Annex V - Part-SPA Specific Approvals

The requirements for the following approvals are listed here:

- PBN - Performance Based Navigation;

- MNPS - Minimum Navigation Performance;

- RVSM - Reduced Vertical Separation Minima;

- LVO - Low Visibility Operations;

- ETOPS - Extended Range Twin Operations;

- DG - Transport of Dangerous Goods;

- NVIS - Helicopter operations with Night Vision Imaging Systems;

- HHO - Helicopter Hoist Operations;

- HEMS - Helicopter Emergency Medical Service operations;

- SET-IMC - Single Engine Turbine operations under CAT at night or in IMC.

Annex VI - Part-NCC Non-Commercial air Operations with Complex aircraft

An operator is an NCC operator if they fly private with an aircraft:

with a maximum certificated take-off mass exceeding 5 700 kg, or

- certificated for a maximum passenger seating configuration of more than 19, or

- certificated for operation with a minimum crew of at least two pilots, or

- equipped with (a) turbojet engine(s) or more than one turboprop engine.

The provisions in annex VI are in addition to the ones in annex III and are mostly related to the operation of the aircraft.

Annex VII - Part-NCO  Non-Commercial Operations with non-complex aircraft

If an aircraft is privately operated and not classified as complex aircraft, it falls within this category and the requirements of annex VII apply. Part-NCO lists the operational and technical requirements for these aircraft as well as some requirements related to emergency & survival equipment.

Annex VIII - Part-SPO Specialised Operations

The requirements described in this annex are quite similar to the ones for Part-NCC in annex VI. It does list additional requirements for helicopter sling operations, parachute dropping and aerobatic flights.